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Hillsdale is a city in the state of Michigan. As of the 2010 census, the city population was 8,305. It is the county seat of Hillsdale County, and is run as a council-manager government. The city is the home of Hillsdale College, a private liberal arts college noted for its academics and its influence in politics and education.
The city is situated mostly within Hillsdale Township, but is a municipality governed independently of the township.
Nearby communities include: Allen, Bankers, Cambria, Camden, Frontier, Jerome, Jonesville, Litchfield, Montgomery, Moscow, Mosherville, North Adams, Osseo, Pittsford, Prattville, Ransom, Reading, and Waldron.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 6.19 square miles (16.03 km2), of which, 5.92 square miles (15.33 km2) is land and 0.27 square miles (0.70 km2) is water.
The Saint Joe river runs through Hillsdale. Leake Baw Beese is also a major body of water in this city, around which is situated several parks and a beach.
In 1834 the first settler of Hillsdale, Jeremiah Arnold, erected a cabin and settled there with his wife Percy Round Arnold. In 1838 the first schoolhouse was erected. The City was established in 1839 and chartered in 1869, located in the rolling, fertile hills of South Central Michigan, bordering Indiana and Ohio. Hillsdale College, founded in 1844, relocated to the city of Hillsdale in 1853. It was the first American college to prohibit in its charter any discrimination based on race, religion or sex, and became an early force for the abolition of slavery. It was also only the second college in the nation to grant four-year liberal arts degrees to women. In 1885 a high school building was dedicated on what is now West Street. In the late 1800s, Hillsdale was a booming railroad town, but this came to an end when the last passenger train left Hillsdale in 1956. Dozens of beautiful Victorian homes, many of which are still occupied as private residences, line its streets. In 1908 the city opened its first public library. In 1921 it opened its first hospital and in 1934 Hillsdale Municipal Airport opened.
As of the census of 2010, there were 8,305 people, 2,970 households, and 1,686 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,402.9 inhabitants per square mile (541.7 /km2). There were 3,383 housing units at an average density of 571.5 per square mile (220.7 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was 95.8% White, 0.7% African American, 0.4% Native American, 0.7% Asian, 0.3% from other races, and 2.0% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.3% of the population.
There were 2,970 households of which 31.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 37.7% were married couples living together, 14.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.7% had a male householder with no wife present, and 43.2% were non-families. 36.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.35 and the average family size was 3.03.
The median age in the city was 30.2 years. 22.1% of residents were under the age of 18; 21.9% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 21.9% were from 25 to 44; 20.5% were from 45 to 64; and 13.6% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 47.0% male and 53.0% female.
The City of Hillsdale has blocks of historic buildings including the County Courthouse and City Hall.